i The original cost of the Rumpus ride was $5,903 in 1936, but Idlewild purchased the concession in 1938 for $4,772.40 after two years of depreciation at a 10% annual rate. Idlewild Management Company Ledger Book. 1931-1948. Idlewild and SoakZone Archives.

ii Interview with Ina Mae Smithley. Ligonier, Pennsylvania. July 10, 2016.

iii “The installation of two new amusements – a ‘pretzel’ ride and a set of six ‘ski-ball’ alleys – has been started and will be completed before Memorial day…The ride is being installed in the building formerly occupied by the park tavern. It is valued at $6,000.” – “Rock Springs Park, Chester, Will Open Season May 7.” The Evening Review (East Liverpool, Ohio). April 13, 1932.

iv “An almost exact duplicate of Idlewild’s Rumpus House at Rock Springs is so popular that as high as 8,000 people have enjoyed a ride in it on a single day.” – “Idlewild Opens Tomorrow For A Look Around.” Latrobe Bulletin. May 9, 1936.

v “$24,000 Blaze at Idlewild Park Destroys ‘Rumpus’ Ride.” Latrobe Bulletin, May 23, 1947.

vi “In all 18 new improvements are to be made at Idlewild this season…ski-ball, 5 alleys in old dining room near the bridge leading to the ball park…” “Idlewild To Be Amusement Park.” Latrobe Bulletin. April 30, 1931.

vii“A ‘Rumpus House’ is one of the novel innovations at the park this season. It is located in the old Penny Arcade building and contains seven cars all operated by outside control.” - “Idlewild Opens Tomorrow for a Look Around.” Latrobe Bulletin. May 9, 1936.

viii Interview with Ina Mae Smithley. Ligonier, Pennsylvania. July 10, 2016.

ix “Because a woman with a heart condition insisted on trying out the Rumpus at Idlewild despite the advice of her friends, a wild story has been circulating in Ligonier that a child was bitten by a copperhead at Idlewild on Sunday and died on entering the Latrobe Hospital. The sole foundation for the story lies in the fact that the woman with a heart condition didn’t like the paper snakes in the Rumpus and fainted when she encountered them. She was soon restored and left the park apparently in good health again. The story about the child is thought to have grown out of this incident and it has persisted in circulating as such fanciful rumors sometimes do. The story has taken all manner of versions but apparently the only foundation for it was the experience of the woman in the Rumpus.” – “Fantastic Yarn is Started When Woman Faints at Idlewild.” The Ligonier Echo. July 8, 1938.

x Interview with Ina Mae Smithley. Ligonier, Pennsylvania. July 10, 2016.

xi “A new machine shop has been built under the Rumpus House which has been raised four feet…” – “Park Getting Ready For Next Season.” Latrobe Bulletin. September 22, 1941.

xii “The only concession penetrated by the water was the ‘Rumpus’ and no extensive damage was done there, the operating equipment being unharmed. Tree limbs and other debris covered the ground in front of the ‘Rumpus.’” – “Heavy Rainfall Sunday Sends Streams on Rampage.” The Ligonier Echo. April 30, 1937. “The Loyalhanna Creek overflowed and water swept up around the airplane ride, ferris wheel and rumpus, but it was nothing to cause any alarm. Motors were removed from those amusements to save them from damage.” – “Idlewild Picknickers Refuse To Allow the Storm To Spoil Fun.” Latrobe Bulletin. August 11, 1938.

xiii “Pretzel for Idlewild Park, Ligonier, PA – Plan Showing Changes in Track for Installation of Stunts.” Philadelphia Toboggan Company. November 26, 1941. From the Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters Inc. Archives, courtesy of Tom Rebbie, President/CEO.

xiv Philadelphia Toboggan Company Ledger Book. 1940-1943. Schedule “H” – Sale of Factory Products. December 31, 1942.

xv Telephone Interview with Connie Deemer. June 23, 2016.

xvi “$24,000 Blaze at Idlewild Park Destroys ‘Rumpus’ Ride.” Latrobe Bulletin. May 23, 1947; “Idlewild Park Ride Destroyed in Early Morning Fire Friday.” The Ligonier Echo. May 29, 1947.

xvii Interviews with Harry Frye. Latrobe, Pennsylvania. May 14, 2016 and July 23, 2016.

xviii “$24,000 Blaze at Idlewild Park Destroys ‘Rumpus’ Ride.” Latrobe Bulletin. May 23, 1947.

xix Ibid.

xx “Police Hold Man In Idlewild Fire.” Greensburg Morning Review. May 24, 1947.

xxi “$24,000 Blaze at Idlewild Park Destroys ‘Rumpus’ Ride.” Latrobe Bulletin. May 23, 1947. Also, “Detective Walsh says MacDonald placed the loss on ‘The Rumpus’ at $8,500; on the restaurant equipment in storage at $4,500; on other merchandise in storage at $1,050; on miscellaneous equipment at $1,000 and the remainder to make up $24,000 on the building.” – “Police Hold Man In Idlewild Fire.” Greensburg Morning Review. May 24, 1947.
The original $5,903 value of the Rumpus ride had fully depreciated by the time of the fire. Idlewild Management Company Ledger Book. 1931-1948. Idlewild and SoakZone Archives.

xxiii Idlewild Management Company Ledger book. 1931-1948. Idlewild and SoakZone Archives.

xxiv “…Sugar was in short supply at one point and we had a big reservoir of sugar for our soft drinks we had stored in the Pretzel ride and it was burned down and it destroyed all the sugar.” Interview with Dick Macdonald. Ligonier, Pennsylvania. September 20, 2015.

xxv Idlewild Management Company Ledger Book. 1931-1948. Idlewild and SoakZone Archives.

xxvi “$24,000 Blaze at Idlewild Park Destroys ‘Rumpus’ Ride.” Latrobe Bulletin. May 23, 1947.

xxvii The Macdonalds’ daughter Virginia Hand owned and operated Rock Springs Park with husband Robert Hand since the 1935 season once her parents transferred ownership to the couple, although she also sat on the board of directors for Story Book Forest.

xxviii “Fourth of July in Idlewild Park.” Latrobe Bulletin. July 3, 1941.